This product is taken via intravenous injection.
Why is it prescribed?
Carboplatin is used to treat a number of cancer types including small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. For lung cancer, it is used in combination with another anti-cancer medication.
Drink at least two to three quarts of fluid every 24 hours, unless you are instructed otherwise.
You may be at risk of infection so try to avoid crowds or people with colds, and report fever or any other signs of infection immediately to your health care provider.
Wash your hands often.
Use an electric razor and a soft toothbrush to minimize bleeding.
Avoid contact sports or activities that could cause injury.
To reduce nausea, take anti-nausea medications as prescribed by your doctor, and eat small, frequent meals.
Avoid sun exposure. Wear SPF 15 (or higher) sunblock and protective clothing.
In general, drinking alcoholic beverages should be kept to a minimum or avoided completely. You should discuss this with your doctor.
Get plenty of rest.
Maintain good nutrition.
If you experience symptoms or side effects, be sure to discuss them with your health care team. They can prescribe medications and/or offer other suggestions that are effective in managing such problems.
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Dosage is individualized based on body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications and type of cancer treated. It is given intravenously (usually with another cancer medication such as paclitaxel) and usually administered every 21 days.
Carboplatin is a platinum-containing medication that treats various forms of cancer. It prevents the growth of cancer cells by disrupting their ability to produce DNA, which is necessary for reproduction of cells.
Common side effects:
- hair loss
- taste disturbances
- tiredness and weakness
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- changes in hearing or vision
- fever or chills
- lower back or side pain with fever or chills
- numbness or tingling in fingers and toes
- pain where injection took place
- signs of bleeding (e.g., bloody, black, or tarry stools, vomiting blood or material that looks like coffee grounds, blood in the urine, unusual bruising or bleeding, cuts that won't stop bleeding, nosebleeds)
- skin rash or itching
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Make sure you tell your doctor about any other medical problems, especially:
Chickenpox (including recent exposure) or Shingles—Risk of severe disease affecting other parts of the body
Hearing problems—May be worsened by carboplatin
Infection—Carboplatin decreases your body's ability to fight infection
Bleeding problems - carboplatin can increase the risk of bleeding
Your doctor will monitor your kidney function and electrolytes during therapy with carboplatin. If the kidneys are not working properly, more side effects to this medication may occur.
Carboplatin can cause reversible reductions in white blood cells, platelets and red blood cells. Your doctor will monitor your blood work.
Carboplatin can cause nerve damage that results in pain and loss of balance. This damage may be reversible but recovery is slow.
Almost all patients treated with carboplatin will experience nausea and vomiting. Your health care team will advise you on ways to treat and prevent this side effect.
Do not use this medication if you have a history of severe allergic reaction to cisplatin, carboplatin, other platinum-containing formulations or mannitol.
Do not receive any kind of immunization or vaccination without your doctor's approval while taking carboplatin
Drug interactions: Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- tobramycin (and other aminoglycosides)
- amphotericin B
Use in pregnancy: There is a possibility of birth defect if either the man or woman is using carboplatin at the time of conception, or if it is taken during pregnancy. Effective birth control should be practiced while using this medication. This medication may harm the baby if used during pregnancy. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Use in breastfeeding: It is not known if carboplatin passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.